The Odeillo solar furnace is the world’s largest solar furnace . It is situated in Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via , in the department of Pyrénées-Orientales , in south of France . It is 54 meters (177 ft) high and 48 meters (157 ft) wide, and includes 63 heliostats. It was built between 1962 and 1968, and started operating in 1970, and has a power of one megawatt.
It serves as a science research site studying materials at very high temperatures.
It is situated in Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via , in the department of Pyrenees-Orientales , region of Languedoc-Roussillon , in south of France . The site was chosen because:
- the length and the quality of sunshine with direct light (more than 2,500 h / year); 
- the purity of its atmosphere.
The solar power plant of Themis and the Mont-Louis Solar Furnace are located nearby.
The principle used is the concentration of rays by reflecting mirrors (9,600 of them). The solar rays are picked up by a first set of steerable mirrors located on the slope, and then sent to a second series of mirrors (the “concentrators”), placed in a parabola. Hence they converge towards a circular target on a central tower; this target was only 40 cm in diameter. That is equivalent to concentrating the energy of “10,000 suns.” In operation, it has a power of 3200 Kw.
- Temperatures above 3,500 ° C (6,330 ° F) can be obtained in a few seconds.
- The energy is “free”, and non-polluting.
- This furnace provides rapid temperature changes and therefore allow the study of the effect of thermal shocks;
- There is no contaminating element (combustion gas, pollution, waste, etc.), since only the object is being exhausted;
- This heating can be done in a controlled atmosphere (the vacuum of space, the upper atmosphere of Mars, etc.)
The research areas are also extended to aviation and aerospace industries. Experiments can be conducted in conditions of high chemical purity. The high temperature materials division uses the furnace to evaluate radome survival during MIRV warhead earth re-entry along with investigating other material properties under the “high energy thermal radiation environment” frequently produced by ” nuclear devices “. 
In 1946 French chemist Felix Trombe and his team achieved in Meudon their first experience of using a DCA mirror. They demonstrated the ability to reach high temperatures very quickly, using a highly concentrated sunlight. Their aim is to obtain and improve highly pure materials for the manufacture of new and improved refractories.
To achieve this objective and test the various possibilities, a first solar furnace was built at Mont-Louis in 1949. Some years later, on the model of the Mont-Louis furnace and using the results obtained there, a solar furnace of almost industrial size was built at Odeillo. Work on the construction of the Great Solar Oven of Odeillo lasted from 1962 to 1968, and it was commissioned in 1970.
Being strong supporters of solar power, following the first oil shock of 1973, researchers at the Odeillo solar furnace made further progress in the conversion of solar energy into electricity.
Public information center Héliodyssée
Since 1990, there is an information center on the site which is open to the public, and is independent of the CNRS laboratory.
Designed for young and old, Heliodyssey allows you to discover, in an entertaining way, solar energy and its derivatives and the work of researchers from CNRS on energy, environmental, materials for space, and materials of the future.
- (in French) G. Olalde and JL Peube, “Experimental study of a solar honeycomb receiver for solar heating of gases at high temperature”, Journal of Applied Physics, No. 17, 1982, p. 563-568
- (in French) Bernard Spinner, “The Construction of a Solar Research and Experimentation Center”, CNRS Magazine for History, No. 5, 2001
- (in French) Merimee database , French Ministry of Culture
- Jump up^ http://www.actualitix.com/number-of-school-hours-by-paul.html
- Jump up^ High Energy Solar Energy